The company said it initiated the NAFTA arbitration process against Mexico after its unsuccessful attempts to resolve the matter through local bodies.
The notice initiates a 90-day process for Mexico to enter into negotiations with the company, First Majestic said in a statement.
The company alleges that the Mexican tax authority has “exhibited a total disregard for the applicable provisions of three separate double taxation treaties” that are relevant to the company and its Mexican units, including the Primero Mining business bought two years ago.
The tax authority, Servicio de Administracion Tributaria (SAT), did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The Vancouver-based company, which owns several mines in Mexico, said in its latest annual report https:// that its business was dependent on its operations in Mexico.
The company said it had tried to resolve its differences through local bodies and that some of those proceedings had not yet been resolved. Due to the coronavirus crisis, the other remaining Mexican courts are unavailable for hearings.